Today's LD NewsHillsdale Daily News (MI)Why is poetry great for young kids? One reason is because it helps develop something called "phonological awareness." This is the ability to listen for and identify the differences between various sounds that make up our language. Phonological awareness is a fundamental skill that eventually helps children learn to read, write and use language effectively. Nursery rhymes are the perfect type of beginning poem to share with young children, since ages 3-5 is the perfect developmental age for phonological awareness.